In the 1870 Federal Cemsus records for Silver Creek township, Cass County, MI, the following appears:
Madison Shaul 40 lawyer, born NY
Cynthia Shaul 42 born NY
Ellis Shaul 15 born NY
Alice Shaul 13 born NY
Irving Shaul 13 born NY
Nelson Shaul 11 born MI
James Shaul 9 born MI
Frances Shaul 7 born MI
This family, minus the two youngest children, appears in the same township in the 1860 Federal Census records. At that time (June 23, 1860), Nelson was one month old and Madison's occupation was day laborer.
By the 1880 census, this family no longer appears in Silver Creek township .
Three Pioneers of Stark -- p 136
On 25 Jul 1862 he enlisted in Co A of the 19th Michigan infantry at Dowagiac, MI. He was captured with his regiment at Thompson's Station TN 5 M ar 1863 and imprisoned at Libby Prison near Richmond until parole 1 Jun 1863. The brigage was reconstituted, and he served in Tennessee and Georgia. On 20 Jul 1864, at the battle of Peach Tree Creek, north of Atlanta, he was shot through the hips and hospitalized in Nashville. He was mustered out 10 Jun 1865.(Research):Regimental History
MICHIGAN - Nineteenth Infantry.
The Nineteenth was organized at Dowagiac under the
direction of Colonel Henry C. Gilbert of Coldwater, and was
composed of companies recruited in the Second Congressional
District. The regiment was mustered into service Sept. 5,
1862, with 995 officers and enlisted men.
The field, staff, and line officers at organization were
Colonel, Henry C. Gilbert, Coldwater. Lieutenant Colonel,
David Bacon, Niles. Major, William R. Shafter, Galesburg.
Surgeon, William E. Clark, Dowagiac. Assistant Surgeon, John
Bennett, Centreville. Second Assistant Surgeon, Leander D.
Tompkins, Cassopolis. Adjutant, Hamlet B. Adams, Coldwater.
Quartermaster, Warren Chapman, St. Joseph. Chaplain, Israel
A. Captain, Joel H. Smith, Allegan. First Lieutenant,
George T. Shaffer, Calvin. Second Lieutenant, Reuben B.
B. Captain, Elisha B. Bassett, Allegan. First
Lieutenant, William T. Darrow, Allegan. Second Lieutenant,
Samuel M. Hubbard, Otsego.
C. Captain, Charles P. Lincoln, Coldwater. First
Lieutenant, Smith W. Fisk, Coldwater. Second Lieutenant,
Lucius M. Wing, Coldwater.
D. Captain, Hazen W. Brown, Constantine. First
Lieutenant, Frank D. Baldwin, Constantine. Second Lieutenant,
Charles W. Fonda, Centreville.
E. Captain, John J. Baker, Sturgis. First Lieutenant,
David J. Easton, Sturgis. Second Lieutenant, John F. Clark,
F. Captain, Charles A. Thompson, Jr., Kalamazoo. First
Lieutenant, Horace Tompkins, Kalamazoo. Second Lieutenant,
Henry A. Ford, Niles.
G. Captain, Charles W. Bigelow, South Haven. First
Lieutenant, Adam Ferguson, Kalamazoo. Second Lieutenant, John
A. Stafford, Decatur.
H. Captain George H. White, Coldwater. First Lieutenant,
David Anderson, Matteson. Second Lieutenant, James A.
I. Captain, Richard Lysaght, St. Joseph. First
Lieutenant, Henry M. Brown, St. Joseph. Second Lieutenant,
Charles H. Calmer, St. Joseph.
K. Captain, Phelix Duffie, Kalamazoo. First Lieutenant,
John Whaley, Kalamazoo. Second Lieutenant, Elisha Darling,
The Nineteenth left its camp Sept. 14th for Cincinnati,
Ohio, and became a part of the First Division, Army of the
Ohio. In January, 1862, the regiment was a part of Baird's
Division, Army of Kentucky, which afterwards formed a part of
the Army of the Cumberland.
The first serious engagement in which the Nineteenth
participated was at Thompson's Station, Tenn., March 5, 1863,
where it displayed those qualities of heroism that afterwards
distinguished this regiment on many a hard fought field.
The Nineteenth with the other regiments of the brigade was
furiously assaulted by a confederate force under General Van
Dorn, estimated 18,000 strong and a sanguinary conflict ensued.
The confederates made three separate charges upon the brigade
which were gallantry repulsed, in one of which the Nineteenth
captured the colors of a Mississippi regiment. The engagement
lasted five hours until the ammunition was exhausted and the
overwhelming number of the confederates made it necessary to
surrender. The loss of the Nineteenth in this engagement was
113 killed and wounded. Nor did the Union troops surrender
until the enemy had paid dearly for his victory.
After the officers had been exchanged and the enlisted men
paroled, the regiment was reorganized at Camp Chase, Ohio, and
in June returned to Nashville and took part in the advance upon
Tullahoma. The Nineteenth assisted in fortifying McMinnville,
Tenn., in October, and at that time was in the Second Brigade,
Third Division, Twentieth Corps.
The regiment was employed on the fortification about
McMinnville in building bridges and block houses until May,
when it joined General Sherman's army on the Atlanta Campaign.
At Resaca, Ga., May 15, 1864, the Nineteenth made a
desperate charge upon the enemy's line and almost in the nature
of a forlorn hope gallantly captured a battery, but at a
fearful loss of life. Colonel Gilbert was mortally wounded and
the regiment lost 80 officers and men killed and wounded.
Major E. A. Griffin succeeded to the command of the regiment
after the death of Colonel Gilbert, which occurred May 24th,
and the 25th of May fought a severe engagement at New Hope
Church, Ga., with a loss of over 50 killed and wounded. The
Nineteenth took an active part during the entire campaign,
engaging the enemy at Golgotha Church, where Major Griffin was
mortally wounded, at Culp's Farm, and at Peach Tree Creek, near
Atlanta, where it was assailed by the enemy and lost 40 in
killed and wounded in repulsing the attack. Upon the surrender
of Atlanta, the Nineteenth moved into the city and remained
Major Baker succeeded to the command of the regiment and
when General Sherman started with his army on his march from
"Atlanta to the Sea," the Nineteenth was still a part of the
Second Brigade, Third Division, Twentieth Corps, and moved by
way of Madison, Louisville, and Millen upon Savannah.
After the fall of Savannah, the Nineteenth, under command
of Major Anderson, started on the campaign through the
Carolinas. It shared the long marches and vicissitudes of
Sherman's army and arrived before Averysboro, N. C., Jan. 16,
1865, where the confederate Generals Johnson and Hardee had
thrown up strong works and massed their infantry to oppose
General Sherman's farther advance. The brigade of which the
Nineteenth formed a part, was ordered to storm the works and by
a gallant charge carried them, taking many guns and prisoners.
This was the last hard fought battle in which the Nineteenth
was engaged as General Lee surrendered the army of northern
Virginia to General Grant April 9th, and General Johnson
surrendered his army to General Sherman a few days later.
The Nineteenth marched from Bentonville to Raleigh, and
then to Alexandria, Va., and participated in the grand review
of Sherman's army at Washington, D. C., May 24th.
The Nineteenth was mustered out of service June 10, 1865,
and arrived at Detroit, Mich., the 13th, when it was paid off
The Nineteenth was in engagements at Thompson's Station,
Tenn., March 5, 1863; Nashville and Chattanooga Railroad,
Tenn., October 5, 1863; Resaca, Ga., May 15, 1864; Cassville,
Ga., May 19, 1864; New Hope Church, Ga., May 25, 1864;
Golgotha, Ga., June 15, 1864; Culp's Farm, Ga., June 22, 1864;
Peach Tree Creek, Ga., July 20, 1864; siege of Atlanta, Ga.,
July 22 to September 2, 1864; Savannah, Ga., December 11, 18,
20, 21, 1864; Averysboro, N. C., March 16, 1865; Bentonville,
N. C. March 19, 1865.
Killed in action.............................................54
Died of wounds...............................................31
Died in confederate prisons...................................7
Died of disease.............................................132
Discharged for disability (wounds and disease)..............182
Fought on 1 Mar 1863 at Spring Hill, TN.
Fought on 5 Mar 1863 at Thompson's Station, TN.
Fought on 25 Mar 1863 at Brentwood, TN.
Fought on 5 May 1863.
Fought on 1 Oct 1863 at Murfreesboro, TN.
Fought on 1 Oct 1863.
Fought on 15 Oct 1863.
Fought on 15 May 1864 at Resaca, GA.
Fought on 15 May 1864 at Dallas, GA.
Fought on 19 May 1864 at Cassville, GA.
Fought on 25 May 1864 at New Hope Church, GA.
Fought on 25 May 1864 at Dallas, GA.
Fought on 25 May 1864 at Allatoona, GA.
Fought on 26 May 1864 at Dallas, GA.
Fought on 26 May 1864 at Dallas Woods, GA.
Fought on 26 May 1864 at Allatoona, GA.
Fought on 27 May 1864 at Allatoona, GA.
Fought on 28 May 1864 at Allatoona, GA.
Fought on 29 May 1864 at Resaca, GA.
Fought on 29 May 1864 at Dallas Woods, GA.
Fought on 29 May 1864 at Allatoona, GA.
Fought on 31 May 1864 at Chattanooga, TN.
Fought on 2 Jun 1864 at Dallas, GA.
Fought on 3 Jun 1864 at Pumpkin Vine Creek, GA.
Fought on 3 Jun 1864.
Fought on 15 Jun 1864 at Golgotha, GA.
Fought on 15 Jun 1864.
Fought on 16 Jun 1864 at Golgotha, GA.
Fought on 22 Jun 1864 at Kenesaw Mountain, GA.
Fought on 22 Jun 1864 at Golgotha, GA.
Fought on 22 Jun 1864 at Culp's Farm, GA.
Fought on 29 Jun 1864.
Fought on 1 Jul 1864.
Fought on 3 Jul 1864.
Fought on 10 Jul 1864 at Chattahoochee River, GA.
Fought on 15 Jul 1864.
Fought on 16 Jul 1864 at Peach Tree Creek, GA.
Fought on 20 Jul 1864 at Peach Tree Creek, GA.
Fought on 22 Jul 1864 at Atlanta, GA.
Fought on 23 Jul 1864 at Atlanta, GA.
Fought on 25 Jul 1864 at Atlanta, GA.
Fought on 3 Aug 1864 at Atlanta, GA.
Fought on 7 Aug 1864 at Atlanta, GA.
Fought on 8 Aug 1864 at Atlanta, GA.
Fought on 20 Aug 1864.
Fought on 11 Sep 1864 at Atlanta, GA.
Fought on 7 Oct 1864.
Fought on 27 Oct 1864.
Fought on 18 Nov 1864.
Fought on 1 Feb 1865.
Fought on 1 Mar 1865.
Fought on 5 Mar 1865 at Thompson's Station, TN.
Fought on 16 Mar 1865 at Goldsboro, NC.
Fought on 16 Mar 1865 at Averysboro, NC.
Fought on 19 Mar 1865 at Bentonville, NC.
Fought on 24 Mar 1865.
Fought on 25 Mar 1865.
Fought on 27 Mar 1865.
Fought on 12 Apr 1865 at Smithfield, NC.